There are many more discoveries in 2022, from these we have discussed 5 Record Breaking Scientific Discoveries in this article. New scientific records are set every year, and the same was in 2022 also. Among the most notable surprise discoveries of the year are a bacterial behemoth, a shockingly speedy supercomputer, a close-by black hole, etc.
5 record-breaking scientific discoveries are given below:
- Earliest Surgery
- Biggest Single-Celled Bacterium
- Fastest Supercomputer
- Largest Fish Colony
- Closest Black Hole
After examining the skeleton of a man who lived on the Indonesian island of Borneo about 31,000 years ago, those skeletal researchers concluded that the earliest known surgery was the amputation of a leg. The healed bone where the lower left leg was removed indicates that the person lived several years after the surgery. The discovery pushes back surgical procedures by nearly 20,000 years.
Largest Single-Celled Bacterium
Bacteria usually live in the microscopic or inanimate world. But not Theomargarita Magnifica. About a centimeter long on average, the newly discovered bacterium is visible to the naked eye. Theomargarita Magnifica, which lives in the mangrove forests of the Caribbean’s Lesser Antilles, is about 50 times larger than the largest bacteria of other species and about 5,000 times larger than ordinary bacteria. Why this species evolved into such a monster is still unknown.
Fastest Supercomputer (Frontier)
Frontier supercomputer is one of the record-breaking scientific discoveries of 2022. Supercomputers crunched the numbers this year with mind-blowing speed: 1.1 quintillion operations per second. It made the ticking machine, operated by Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, the first exascale computer – a computer that could perform at least 1018 operations per second. The next fastest computer tops out at 442 quadrillions (that’s 1015) operations per second. Exascale computing is expected to advance everything from climate science to health, to particle physics.
Largest Fish Colony
Deep off the coast of Antarctica, icefish gather in breeding colonies as large as Orlando, Fla. About 60 million nests of Jonah’s icefish (Neopazetopsis ionah) spread over at least 240 square kilometers of the ocean floor. Previously, nesting species of fish were known to congregate in only a few hundred. An abundant food supply and access to an area of unusually warm water may explain the exceptionally large groups.
Closest Black Hole To Earth
Through data released by the Gaia spacecraft, astrophysicists have discovered a black hole just over 1,560 light-years from Earth. Known as Gaia BH1, it is almost twice as close as the previous closest known black hole. But that record may not last. Because the Milky Way is estimated to have about 100 million black holes. Since most are invisible, they are hard to find. But when Gaia, which is mapping exactly one billion stars, releases its next batch of data in a few years, even closer black holes may appear.