A List of Acids and their Uses in Daily Life

The article “A List of Acids and their Uses in Daily Life” is very important for chemistry students and acid users. This article helps us to know the acids name and formulas of acids and their uses in our everyday life.

What is Acid?

An acid is a chemical substance that donates hydrogen ions to water and combines with certain metals to form salts. Acids have a sour taste and turn some dyes red. For example Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4).

A List of Acids
Sulphuric Acid in Laboratory

Let’s go to know the List of Acids and Their Formulas:

A List of Inorganic Acids

Acids NameAcids Formula
Antimonic AcidHSbO3
Antimonous AcidH3SbO3
Arsenic AcidH3AsO4
Boric AcidH3BO3
Bromic AcidHBrO3
Bromous AcidHBrO2
Carbolic AcidC6H6O
Carbonic AcidH2CO3
Carbonous AcidH2CO2
Chloric AcidHClO3
Chlorous AcidHClO2
Chromic AcidH2CrO4
Chromous AcidH2CrO3
Citric AcidC6H8O7
Cyanic AcidHCNO
Dichromic AcidH2Cr2O7
Disulfurous AcidH2S2O5
Dithionous AcidH2S2O4
Diuranic AcidH2U2O7
Ferricyanic AcidH3[F3(CN)6]
Fluoric AcidHFO3
Fluorous AcidHFO2
Formic AcidHCOOH
Hydroarsenic AcidH3As
Hydrobromic AcidHBr
Hydrochloric AcidHCl
Hydrocyanic AcidHCN
Hydrofluoric AcidHF
Hydroiodic AcidHI
Hydronitric AcidHN3
Hydrophosphoric AcidH3P
Hydroselenic AcidH2Se
Hydrosulfuric AcidH2S
Hypobromous AcidHBrO
Hypocarbonous AcidH2CO
Hypochlorous AcidHClO
Hypochromous AcidH2CrO2
Hypofluorous AcidHFO
Hypoiodous AcidHIO
Hyponitrous AcidHNO
Hypooxalous AcidH2C2O2
Hypophosphoric AcidH4P2O6
Hypophosphorous AcidH3PO2
Hyposulfurous AcidH2SO2
Iodic AcidHIO3
Iodous AcidHIO2
Manganic AcidH2MnO4
Metastannic AcidH2SnO3
Molybdic AcidH2MoO4
Nitric AcidHNO3
Nitrous AcidHNO2
Oxalic AcidH2C2O4
Percarbonic AcidH2CO4
Perchloric AcidHClO4
Perchromic AcidH2CrO5
Perfluoric AcidHFO4
Periodic AcidHIO4
Permanganic AcidHMnO4
Pernitric AcidHNO4
Peroxydisulfuric AcidH2S2O8
Perphosphoric AcidH3PO5
Persulfuric AcidH2SO5
Pertechnetic AcidHTcO4
Perxenic AcidH4XeO6
Phosphoric AcidH3PO4
Phosphorous AcidH3PO3
Pyroantimonic AcidH4Sb2O7
Pyrophosphoric AcidH4P2O7
Pyrosulfuric AcidH2S2O7
Selenic AcidH2SeO4
Selenous AcidH2SeO3
Silicic AcidH2SiO3
Silicofluoric AcidH2SiF6
Silicous AcidH2SiO2
Sulfuric AcidH2SO4
Sulfurous AcidH2SO3
Telluric AcidH6TeO6
Tellurous AcidH2TeO3
Tetraboric AcidH2B4O7
Tetrathionic AcidH2S4O6
Thiocyanic AcidHSCN
Thiosulfurous AcidH2S2O2
Titanic AcidH2TiO3
Tungstic AcidH2WO4
Uranic AcidH2UO4
Xenic AcidH2XeO4
The Table of Inorganic Acid
List of Acids and Their Uses in Daily Life
Chemical Structure of Acids

A List of Organic Acids

Acid NameFormula
Acetic AcidCH3COOH
Acetylsalicylic AcidHC9H7O4
Ascorbic AcidHC6H7O6
Azelaic AcidH2C9H14O4
Barbituric AcidHC4H3N2O3
Benzilic AcidHC14H11O3
Cinnamic AcidC9H8O2
Citric AcidH2C6H6O7
Folic AcidC19H19N7O6
Fumaric AcidC4H4O4
Gallic AcidHC7H5O5
Gluconic AcidC6H12O7
Glutamic AcidHC5H8NO4
Glutaric AcidC5H8O4
Hexanoic AcidC5H11COOH
Lactic AcidHC3H5O3
Malic AcidH2C4H4O5
Malonic AcidCH2(COOH)2
Oleic AcidHC18H33O2
Phthalic AcidH2C8H4O4
Propiolic AcidHC2COOH
Propionic AcidCH3CH2COOH
Rosolic AcidC19H14O3
Stearic AcidC17H35COOH
Tannic AcidC76H53O46
Tartaric AcidH2C4H4O6
Trifluoroacetic AcidC2HF3O2
Uric AcidH2C5H2N4O3
The Table of Organic Acid

A list of acids and their uses that are popular in Bangladesh:

SL No.Acids NameSome Uses of Acids
1Boric AcidBoric acid is used as a fireproofing agent for wood, as a preservative, and as an antiseptic. It is used in the manufacture of glass, pottery, enamels, glazes, cosmetics, cement, porcelain, leather, carpets, hats, soaps, and artificial gems, and in tanning, printing, dyeing, painting, and photography. It is also used in laboratories for research and analysis.
2Chromic AcidIt is used in ceramic glass and colored glass. Chromosulfuric acid or sulfochromic mixture is a strong oxidizing agent, used to clean laboratory glassware. It has the ability to brighten raw brass and hence is also used in the instrument repair industry.
3Formic AcidFormic acid is used as a preservative and antibacterial agent. It is also useful in the manufacture of leather and rubber. It is used as a miticide by beekeepers.
4Hydrochloric AcidHydrochloric acid is widely used in Bangladesh. It is used in chloride, fertilizer and dye production, electroplating, and photographic, textile and rubber industries. Hydrochloric acid is ‍also corrosive to the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes. Dilute hydrochloric acid is also used for cleaning.
5Nitric AcidNitric acid is used to produce ammonium nitrates, dyes, and fertilizers. It is also used in making explosives, as an oxidizer, used in the removal of the wart, used as a chemical doping agent in electrochemistry, etc.
6Phosphoric AcidPhosphoric acid is used as a component of fertilizers (80% of total use), detergents, and many household cleaning products.
7Sulfuric AcidVarious concentrations of this acid, are used for various purposes. This acid is used in the manufacture of fertilizers, pigments, dyes, drugs, explosives, detergents, and inorganic salts and acids, as well as in petroleum refining and metallurgical processes.
8Acetic AcidAcetic acid is used as a food preservative and food additive. Acetic acid is used in large quantities to make a variety of products such as textile printing, dyes, photographic chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and inks for rubber and plastics.
9Ascorbic AcidAscorbic acid helps heal wounds in the body. Needed to increase the absorption of iron from plant foods and support the immune system. It acts as an antioxidant to protect your cells against free radicals, which can contribute to heart disease, cancer, and other diseases.
10Citric AcidCitric acid is mainly used as a flavoring and preservative agent. Especially in soft drinks and candy. It is also used to stabilize or preserve medicine and as a disinfectant. Citric acid is a chemical compound derived from lemon juice.
11Lactic AcidLactic acid is an organic acid that is used in tanning leather and dyeing wool. It is used as a flavoring agent and preservative in processed cheese, salad dressings, pickles, and carbonated beverages. And is also used as a raw material or a catalyst in numerous chemical processes.
12Stearic AcidStearic acid is mainly used in hundreds of personal care products, including moisturizers, sunscreens, makeup, soaps, and baby lotions. It is also used in adhesives, lubricants, laundry products, and paper products. Research shows that the ingredient can help heal burns.
13Tartaric AcidTartaric acid is often used as an acidulant in grape- and lime-flavored drinks, gelatin desserts, jams, jellies, and hard sour desserts. Acidic monopotassium salts, commonly known as ‘cream of tartar’, are used in baking powders and yeast formulations.
14Uric AcidUric acid may play a fundamental role in tissue repair by mobilizing endothelial cells.
Click Here to See More Uses of Acids

Some Acids are very dangerous for the human body. Please take full safety protection and know the characteristics of the acids before use.

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