The article “A List of Acids and their Uses in Daily Life” is very important for chemistry students and acid users. This article helps us to know the acids name and formulas of acids and their uses in our everyday life.
What is Acid?
An acid is a chemical substance that donates hydrogen ions to water and combines with certain metals to form salts. Acids have a sour taste and turn some dyes red. For example Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4).
Let’s go to know the List of Acids and Their Formulas:
A List of Inorganic Acids
A List of Organic Acids
A list of acids and their uses that are popular in Bangladesh:
|Some Uses of Acids
|Boric acid is used as a fireproofing agent for wood, as a preservative, and as an antiseptic. It is used in the manufacture of glass, pottery, enamels, glazes, cosmetics, cement, porcelain, leather, carpets, hats, soaps, and artificial gems, and in tanning, printing, dyeing, painting, and photography. It is also used in laboratories for research and analysis.
|It is used in ceramic glass and colored glass. Chromosulfuric acid or sulfochromic mixture is a strong oxidizing agent, used to clean laboratory glassware. It has the ability to brighten raw brass and hence is also used in the instrument repair industry.
|Formic acid is used as a preservative and antibacterial agent. It is also useful in the manufacture of leather and rubber. It is used as a miticide by beekeepers.
|Hydrochloric acid is widely used in Bangladesh. It is used in chloride, fertilizer and dye production, electroplating, and photographic, textile and rubber industries. Hydrochloric acid is also corrosive to the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes. Dilute hydrochloric acid is also used for cleaning.
|Nitric acid is used to produce ammonium nitrates, dyes, and fertilizers. It is also used in making explosives, as an oxidizer, used in the removal of the wart, used as a chemical doping agent in electrochemistry, etc.
|Phosphoric acid is used as a component of fertilizers (80% of total use), detergents, and many household cleaning products.
|Various concentrations of this acid, are used for various purposes. This acid is used in the manufacture of fertilizers, pigments, dyes, drugs, explosives, detergents, and inorganic salts and acids, as well as in petroleum refining and metallurgical processes.
|Acetic acid is used as a food preservative and food additive. Acetic acid is used in large quantities to make a variety of products such as textile printing, dyes, photographic chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and inks for rubber and plastics.
|Ascorbic acid helps heal wounds in the body. Needed to increase the absorption of iron from plant foods and support the immune system. It acts as an antioxidant to protect your cells against free radicals, which can contribute to heart disease, cancer, and other diseases.
|Citric acid is mainly used as a flavoring and preservative agent. Especially in soft drinks and candy. It is also used to stabilize or preserve medicine and as a disinfectant. Citric acid is a chemical compound derived from lemon juice.
|Lactic acid is an organic acid that is used in tanning leather and dyeing wool. It is used as a flavoring agent and preservative in processed cheese, salad dressings, pickles, and carbonated beverages. And is also used as a raw material or a catalyst in numerous chemical processes.
|Stearic acid is mainly used in hundreds of personal care products, including moisturizers, sunscreens, makeup, soaps, and baby lotions. It is also used in adhesives, lubricants, laundry products, and paper products. Research shows that the ingredient can help heal burns.
|Tartaric acid is often used as an acidulant in grape- and lime-flavored drinks, gelatin desserts, jams, jellies, and hard sour desserts. Acidic monopotassium salts, commonly known as ‘cream of tartar’, are used in baking powders and yeast formulations.
|Uric acid may play a fundamental role in tissue repair by mobilizing endothelial cells.
Some Acids are very dangerous for the human body. Please take full safety protection and know the characteristics of the acids before use.