A List of Textile Laboratory Equipment

Lab equipment list of textile Lab is a special room equipped for scientific experimentation and research with a lot of equipment. Textile Lab used for scientific research. It is very important to set up a textile lab for checking the basic physical properties of textiles. Fabric properties like dimensional stability, color bleeding, colorfastness, GSM of fabric is tested on a lab.

Textile Laboratory Instruments and Machinery List: 

  • Yearn Tester
  • Fabric Tester
  • Bursting Strength Tester
  • What is Computer Bursting Strength Tester
  • Laboratory Dyeing Machine
  • Mini Stenter
  • Lab Dryer
  • Spectrophotometer
  • What is Color Spectrophotometer?
  • What is Non-Contact Portable Spectrometer?
  • Oven & Incubator
  • What is Laboratory Density Meter?
  • Digital Pipette Controller
  • Micropipette Adjustable Parameter
  • Electrolux Wascator
  • Digital Pilling tester
  • Textile Scientific & Lab Instruments
  • Light Fastness Tester
  • Fabric Spirality Tester
  • Chronometer
  • Fiber Length Distributor Tester
  • Hairiness Diameter Tester
  • Yarn Clearer
  • Fiber Fineness Tester
  • Digital Aerodynamic Stiffness Tester
  • Yarn Examining Tester
  • digital ph tester
  • Micronaire Value Tester
  • Yarn count system
  • Hand Held Tachometer
  • Fabric LightBox or Textile Light Box
  • Yarn Length Meter
  • What is Tribotester?
  • Stroboscopes
  • Tensile Strength Tester
  • What is the Tensile Testing Device
  • Tearing Strength Tester
  • Flammability Tester
  • Button Pull Tester
  • What is Salt Spray Testing Chamber? How Salt Spray Test Method Works?
  • Crease Recovery Tester
  • Laboratory Dryer
  • Wrinkle Recovery Tester
  • Perspirometer and Incubator
  • Xenonarc Light Andweather Fastness Tester
  • Garment and Printed Fabric Durability Tester
  • Gas Fume Chamber
  • Mini Tumble Dryer
  • Rotary Ironer
  • Hydrostatic Head Tester
  • Automatic Pick Counter
  • Color Assessment Cabinet
  • Mini Steamer
  • Laundry Clothing in LAB
  • Mini Dryer
  • Tubeless laboratory dispenser
  • What is Martindale Abrasion Resistance Testing Machine?
  • Textile Calibration of Equipment List
  • What is Universal Wear Tester
  • What is Elmendorf Tear Tester
  • What is Mullen Tester
  • What is Lab Freezer?
  • What is Micro Sieve?
  • Munsell Test / Color Vision Test SOP
  • Burette Metal Pipette Spot Lamp Test Method

Purpose of Science Equipment

  • To improve the quality of the product and make it defects free according to the requirement of the customer
  • Supplying better quality product to the customer
  • Meet the client requirements
  • Raw material control
  • Production Standard co-relation.
  • To ensure that the product is error free.
  • To find out the hidden errors unidentified by the development team & meet the customer requirement by maintaining company standards.

Types of Science Equipment

  • Dimensional Stability
  • Spirality / Skewness
  • C/F to Washing
  • C/F to Rubbing / Crocking
  • Fabric Weight
  • Tearing Strength
  • Tensile Strength
  • Bursting Strength
  • Push Pull Test
  • pH test.

The function of the Quality Control Laboratory:

  • To protect the interest of the consumer and To cater to the needs of quality assurance
  • To build up a quality and marketing image of the product and marketing image of your product and company
  • For delivering a quality product in a specified time
  • For conduction routine quality assurance control in the production line to avoid rework and poor quality raw material.
  • To equip dependable abilities for new product development to develop a new program.
  • To incorporate the laboratory practice into international quality assurance program.[1]

Scientific laboratory supplies:

SL# Machine Type Model Brand Origin
01 Yarn Appearance Tester Innolab INNOVATIVE ENGITECH (P) LTD India
02 Manual Twist tester Innolab INNOVATIVE ENGITECH (P) LTD India
03 Manual Wrap Reel Innolab INNOVATIVE ENGITECH (P) LTD India
04 Color Matching Cabinet CAC-60 VERIVIDE LIMITED England
05 Spectrophotometer Spectroflash SF-600 PLUS-CT Datacolor USA
06 Digital Pilling tester digiPILLTM Paramount India
07 Motorized Crock Meter in Nolan INNOVATIVE ENGITECH (P) LTD India
08 Motorized Crock Meter digiCROCK NxTM Paramount India
09 Digital pH Tester pH -211 Hanna Italy
10 Oven & Incubator G2009A SDL England
11 Sample Dyeing M/C (Rapid) ECO DYER Rapid China
12 Sample Dyeing M/C (AHIBA NUANCE) ECO Datacolor USA
13 Sample Dyeing M/C (AHIBA NUANCE) Top Speed II Datacolor USA
14 Electrolux Wascator FOM71MP.lab SDL England
15 Electrolux Wascator W455H Electrolux Thailand
16 Electrolux Wascator W455H Electrolux Thailand
17 Electrolux Dryer T4130 Electrolux Thailand
18 Digital Balance AR3130 OHAUS cor. USA
19 Digital Pipette (I) edp plusTM Rainin USA
20 Digital Pipette (II) edp plusTM Rainin USA
21 Paramount Pick Glass & Scale PGLS-006 Paramount India
22 Thermo hygrometer 303C N/A N/A
23 Perspirometer M231 SDL England
24 Grey Scale(Staining&Colour Change) SDC England
25 Pantone Book TP, TPX, TC, TCX,

List of lab equipment Example which is used in Textile:

Applicable test for chemical quality verification is as follows:

  • The concentration of Hydrochloric acid.
  • Formic acid test.
  • Glubers salt test.
  • The concentration of Acidic acid.
  • The concentration of Soda ash.
  • The concentration of Oxalic acid.
  • The concentration of Caustic soda.
  • The concentration of Sulfuric acid.
  • The concentration of Hydrogen peroxide.
  • Wetting agent test.

The concentration of Hydrochloric acid:

  • Machine/apparatus used: Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured: N/A
  • A person responsible: Lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Titration with standard base (Sodium Hydroxide).
  • Reagent: Sodium Hydroxide 1(N), Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure: Take 10ml HCl to weight it in gm and then make 1L solution with distilled water in a volumetric flask, Take 2.5 ml of that solution in a conical flask; add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 0.1(N) caustic soda
  • Performance standard:37% or as required
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected
  • Document/form used: Chemical test register (log book)

The formic acid test:

  • Machine/apparatus used: Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured : N/A
  • A person responsible: Lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Titration with standard base (Sodium Hydroxide).
  • Reagent: SodiumHydroxide 1(N), Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure: 4.6 gm formic acid is added in 100ml distilled water. Take 10ml of that solution in a conical flask and 2-3 drop of phenolphthalein indicator. Titration with 1(N) caustic soda
  • Result = Burette reading × 10
  • Performance standard:80-100 % or as required
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected
  • Document/form used: Chemical test register (log book)

Glubers Salt / Sodium chloride test:

  • Machine/apparatus used: Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine/apparatus manufactured by N/A
  • A person responsible: Science lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: N/A
  • Reagent N/A
  • Procedure: Take a beaker to dry it and take the weight (example X).Take 10gm Glubers salt in a 50ml distilled water and make a solution. Filter the solution. Take the solution in a beaker and evaporate it. Take the weight of the beaker (example Y). Result = {(Y-X) ÷ 10} × 10
  • Performance standard: As required
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected

The concentration of Acidic Acid:

  • Machine/apparatus used: Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine/apparatus manufactured N/A
  • A person responsible: Lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Titration with standard base (Sodium Hydroxide).
  • Reagent: 1 (N) caustic soda, Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure: Take 6 gm acidic acid and dissolved it in 100ml distills water. Take 10 ml of that solution in a beaker and add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 1(N) caustic soda. Result(% of acidic acid) = Burete reading × 10
  • Performance standard: 90-100%
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected

The concentration of soda ash:

  • Machine/apparatus used: Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine/apparatus manufactured by N/A
  • A person responsible: Lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Titration with standard acid (HCl)
  • Reagent: 1 (N) HCl, Methyl orange indicator
  • Procedure: Take 5.3 gm soda ash and dissolved it in 100 ml distilled water. Take 10 ml of that solution + 10 ml distilled water and 2-3 drops of Methyl orange indicator. Titrate with 1(N) HCl.
  • Result = Burette reading × 10
  • Performance standard: 80-100   %
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected

The concentration of Oxalic acid:

  • Machine/apparatus used: Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufacture: N/A
  • A person responsible: Lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Titration with standard base caustic soda
  • Reagent: 1 (N) caustic soda, Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure: Take 6.3 gm oxalic acid and dissolved it in 100ml distilled water. Take 10 ml of that solution in a beaker and add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 1(N) caustic soda. Result = Burette reading × 10
  • Performance standard: As required
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected

The concentration of Caustic soda:

  • Machine/apparatus used: Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine/apparatus manufactured
  • A person responsible: Lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Titration with standard acid (HCl)
  • Reagent: 1 (N) HCl, Phenolphthalein indicator Ethanol.
  • Procedure: Add 8.3 ml of HCl in 100 ml distilled water. Dissolved 4 gm caustic soda in 100 ml. Take 10 ml of that caustic soda solution in a beaker and 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 1(N) HCl.
  • Result = Burette reading × 10
  • Performance standard:90-100 % or as required
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected

The concentration of Sulfuric acid:

  • Machine/apparatus used : Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine/apparatus manufactured by A
  • A person responsible: Lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Titration with a standard base.
  • Reagent: 1 (N) caustic soda, Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure: Add 10 gm sulfuric acid and dissolved it in 100ml distilled water. Take 10 ml of that solution in a beaker and add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 1 (N) caustic soda. Result = Burette reading × 10 × 1
  • Performance standard:90-100% or as required
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected
  • Document/form used: Chemical test register (log book)

The concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide:

  • Machine/apparatus used: Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine/apparatus manufactured by N/A
  • A person responsible: Lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Titration with standard permanganate
  • Reagent: Potassium permanganate (KMnO4), H2SO4 (1:4)
  • Procedure: Weight sample such that there is no more than 0.06 gm of H2O2 present, dilute with 50 ml of distilling water and add 10 ml of (1:4) H2SO4. Titrate with 0.1 (N) potassium permanganate (KMnO4) till pink color appearance. Volume of (KMnO4) (0.1) (0.017) (100)
  • Result= Sample weight
  • Performance standard:45-50 % or as required
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected
  • Document/form used: Chemical test register (log book)

Wetting agent test:

  • Machine/apparatus used: 1 L beaker
  • Machine/apparatus manufactured by N/A
  • A person responsible: Science lab assistant
  • Frequency: Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method: Dipping test and comparing with running lots of performance.
  • Reagent: Wetting agent
  • Procedure: Make a solution of the wetting agent as recommended by the suppliers in the beaker. Takes 108×58 / 20×20 greige fabric and cut at least 10 samples with the sample cutter (38 ml, dia 15 cm). Hold one of the samples vertically above the beaker and relies gently upon the solution. Start a stopwatch at the time of the release and take note of the time when the sample reaches the bottom of the beaker. Wet ability is decided W.R.T with running lots. While comparing a new lot with a running lot we can follow the following procedure:   A particular fabric is desired, batched and then scoured, bleached with both the new and running wetting agent lot under the same condition. After the scour/bleach process the processed fabric are checked for their absorbency, size content, and whiteness. If the results are similar than the new lot is as good as the running one.
  • Performance standard:Standard time = 15-20 sec
  • In the case of non-conformity: Rejected
  • Document/form used: Chemical test register (log book)

Test purpose and Related Methods

Purpose: This Test is intended for the determination of Dimensional change of fabric or garments when subjected to home laundering procedure used by a customer.

Dimensional Changes: A Generic term change in length or width of Fabrics or garments.

Growths: Dimensional changes resulting in an increases length or width of a specimen.

Laundering: This process desired to remove soil and/or stain by the washing of fabrics.

Shrinkage: This resulting decreases of length or width of a specimen fabrics.

Method We Use:

  • For USA / CANADA: AATCC 135 (For Fabric) , AATCC 150 ( For Garment)
  • FOR EUROPE: ISO 6330

Spirality / Skewness:

Purpose: This Test determines a change in skewness in woven and knitted fabric or twist of garments when subjected to repeated automatic laundering procedure commonly used in home laundering. We get from these take a look at are—Garments twist, imbalance and take away soil and stain by laundry.

The calculation for the Science Lab

Calculation for Science Lab

(CD) x 100%

(AB)

Calculation:

science equipment

CD=2 x 100%

AB=55     

spirality:3.64%

The method we use:

  • FOR USA / CANADA: AATCC 179
  • FOR EUROPE: ISO 6330/ISO 5700

Conclusion:

The extensive color range of flame retardant chemicals meeting international standards. Durable, low cost, halogen-free solutions for the ultimate protection. Exhaust and continuous applications for leather, wool, nylon, polyester, cotton, and blends.

Source : https://autogarment.com/textile-lab-equipments/

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