Lab Instruments & Chemicals

Commonly Used Sodas in Bangladesh

There are lots of sodas chemically used worldwide. But here we discuss some commonly used sodas in Bangladesh for research, analysis, and industries.

Commonly Used Sodas in Bangladesh:

  • Sodium Carbonate [Na₂CO₃] Washing Soda, or Soda Ash
  • Sodium bicarbonate [NaHCO₃] Baking soda
  • Sodium hydroxide [NaOH] Caustic Soda
  • Sodium Oxide [Na₂O] is an Alkali Metal Oxide

Now, we will try to know details about commonly used sodas in Bangladesh:

Sodium Carbonate:

Sodium carbonate is an inorganic chemical compound with the chemical formula Na₂CO₃ and its commercial name is Soda Ash. It has many forms, commonly soda ash flakes and soda ash pearls, and all forms are white, odorless, and water-soluble yielding moderately alkaline solutions in water. Historically, it was extracted from the ashes of plants growing in sodium-rich soils. It’s called also washing soda in Bangladesh.

Commonly Used Sodas in Bangladesh
Sodium Carbonate – Soda Ash

Uses of Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash):

Sodium Carbonate or Soda ash is the bulk uses in textile industries in our country as a washing soda. The main uses of sodium carbonate are water softeners, food processing aid, pH modifiers, swimming pool chemicals, and electrolytes. It is also used in the manufacture of glass, paper, soaps and detergents, and many other useful chemicals.

Sodium Bicarbonate:

Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate is commonly known as baking soda or bicarbonate of soda in Bangladesh. It is a chemical compound with the chemical formula of NaHCO₃. It is a salt composed of a sodium cation and a hydrogen-carbonate anion. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It is also known as food-grade soda.

Sodium Bicarbonate Baking Soda
Sodium Bicarbonate – Baking Soda

Uses of Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda):

Sodium bicarbonate is used to relieve heartburn, sour stomach, or acid indigestion by neutralizing excess stomach acid. When used for this purpose, it is said to belong to the group of medicines called antacids. It may be used to treat the symptoms of a stomach or duodenal ulcers. The general uses of Baking Soda are Antacid, Chemical smells out of clothes, underarm deodorant, toothpaste, dog odors & urine, face & body scrub, helps to soften skin, relieves skin itch from insect bites and pain from sunburn, helps relieve baby’s diaper rash, oven cleaner, bathtub, silver polish, drain cleaner, etc. Ref…

Sodium Hydroxide:

Sodium Hydroxide is an inorganic chemical compound and its chemical formula is NaOH. It is also called caustic soda. This is a corrosive white crystalline solid compound that contains the Na+ (sodium) cation and the OH (hydroxide) anion. It readily absorbs moisture until it dissolves. Palets and Flaks two types of Sodium hydroxides are available in Bangladesh.

Sodium Hydroxide Caustic Soda
Sodium Hydroxide – Caustic Soda

General uses of sodium hydroxide:

Sodium hydroxide is generally used as a solid or diluted in a 50% solution. This chemical is used in the manufacturing of soaps, rayon, paper, explosives, dyestuffs, and petroleum products.

It is also used in processing cotton fabric, laundering and bleaching, metal cleaning and processing, oxide coating, electroplating, and electrolytic extracting. It is commonly found in commercial drain cleaners. According to the FDA, sodium hydroxide is considered a direct food recognized as safe, as it serves as a pH control agent and follows good manufacturing guidelines.

Interestingly, sodium hydroxide has been studied for its use in the treatment of prion disease (as occurs in mad cow disease and kuru). The use of this compound has been shown to effectively reduce prion levels in an in vitro inactivation assay.

Sodium Oxide

Sodium oxide is a chemical compound of alkali metal oxide with the chemical formula Na₂O. It is a white solid but the compound is rarely encountered. Sodium oxide is the anhydride form of sodium hydroxide.

Sodium Oxide is an Alkali Metal Oxide
Sodium Oxide is an Alkali Metal Oxide

General Uses of Sodium Oxide:

Sodium oxide is mainly used in the manufacturing of glass and ceramic products in Bangladesh. It is also used in the production of sodium hydroxide (Caustic Soda) (which can be obtained by adding water to anhydrous sodium oxide).


From the above disscusion we understand that we are used different types of soda for differnt works. We are using many sodas in our everyday life. Washing Soda, or Soda Ash, Baking soda, Caustic Soda and Sodium Oxide are the essencial sodas in our human lifes.

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